At high pressure and temperatures, metallic hydrogen might exist as a liquid rather than a solid, and researchers think it is present in large amounts in the gravitationally compressed interiors of Jupiter, Saturn, and in some extrasolar planets.
Gas giants such as Jupiter (pictured
above) and Saturn may contain large
amounts of metallic hydrogen
(depicted in grey) and metallic helium
In October 2016, there were claims that metallic hydrogen has been observed in the laboratory at a pressure of around 495 gigapascals (4,950,000 bar; 4,890,000 atm; 71,800,000 psi). As of January 2017, these findings have not yet been replicated. Some observations consistent with metallic behavior had previously been reported, such as the reported observation of some new phases of solid hydrogen under static conditions, and, in dense liquid deuterium, electrical insulator-to-conductor transitions associated with an increase in optical reflectivity.
On October 5, 2016, Ranga Dias and Isaac F. Silvera of the Lyman Laboratory of Physics at
In the preprint version of the paper, Dias and Silvera write:
Shortly after the claim was published in Science, Nature's news division published an article stating that some other physicists regarded the result with skepticism, pointing out that it appears to be a matter of them testing the reflectivity of the sample at high pressure since there is a good chance it could be other factors like alumina coating used on the diamonds to prevent hydrogen from leaking into the crystal and making it brittle. Silvera stated that they did not repeat their experiment since doing more tests could damage or destroy their existing sample, but assured the scientific community that more tests are coming.